Panchatantra Origin: The etymology of 'Panchatantra' suggests 'Pancha: Five' and 'Tantra: Principles', therefore the 'Five Principles'.
Panchatantra is a legendary collection of Indian fables originally composed in Sanskrit in the 2nd Century B.C.
Author: The Panchatantra is believed to be written by Pandit Vishnu Sharma and other scholars.
Panchatantra as 'The Five Guiding Principles': The Panchatantra is the best guide to enroot moral values in children since its each tale has a moral lesson in its end. The grand assortment has extraordinary tales that is loved by people of every age group and is applicable even in today's world reaching all aspects of life.
Panchatantra Story: "The Wise Pigeon"
A young pigeon looked down and saw a lot of grains and told other pigeons about this and were rejoiced at this discovery....unaware of the trap. But an old pigeon in the flock, known for his wisdom interrupted saying 'It is odd since how can such quantity of grain be in this place and warned the other pigeons that it could be a trap laid'. Not giving heed to the old pigeons words, all the pigeons dived down and began eating the grains, while the old pigeon hovered around.
No sooner did they eat a few grains and they were entangled in the net laid by the bird-catcher. They started screaming out of fear and began blaming each other for their plight. The old pigeon swooped down and told them to stop fighting and start thinking and to be united and fly together when he signals.
Now the hunter returned feeling happy that he was able to get the whole flock and at the same time, the old pigeon signaled and all the pigeons started flapping their wings to soar an united flight. The hunter felt dizzy when he saw that the birds united to carry the net away.
The old pigeon then guided the birds to safety and led them near to the house of his friend, a rat. The rat bit the net with his sharp teeth and all the pigeons were able to come out of the net. All the pigeons thanked the rat and flew away :)
The famous "Ek Anek" aired on DD channel, which we all listened to and sung during our childhood, conveys the spirit of 'Unity'
Moral of the Story: "Unity is Strength"; "Together We Win"
If the disunity among the different Kings and Kingdoms and the people of India led to the British rule in India then it is the 'Unity' among Indians that helped India gain back its Independence and freedom from the British rule. This was then..
Time and again it is 'Unity' which is the mantra whether the goal is to Achieve or Destroy!!! Talking of now, it is again unity...global unity which countries across the world pledge to fight against terrorism.
Not talking of Global Unity and if one wants to restrict themselves to their small own world... then again the mantra is 'Unity'. In the corporate terminology it is called 'Team Work' which every organization strives to achieve and looks for this skill sets in their employees.
This is a testimony of the eternal relevance of the "Panchatantras' even in today's world.